国际贸易商事仲裁

国际化交易发生争议,解决争议的方式大致可以分两种,一种是通过诉讼解决,另一种是选择“替代性争端解决方式”(Alternative Dispute Resolution ,“ADR”)。所谓的“替代性”,是指协商替代诉讼程序,中立的第三方机构替代一国国内法院。“替代性争端解决方式”主要包括磋商、调解以及仲裁;其中,以仲裁最为普遍。与其他争议解决方式相比,仲裁具有如下特点:

仲裁程序更有利于保护隐私。以我国国内诉讼为例,诉讼系以公开审判为原则,其意味着非与案件相关的第三方也能知悉案件,但仲裁过程中,仲裁员或是仲裁机构均不得泄露与案件有关的任何信息,该保密性一定程度上有利于维护企业商誉及与其他合作伙伴的友好关系。

仲裁程序的高效性。诉讼中存在一审、二审,特殊的还会存在再审程序,而仲裁是一裁终局的,其在一定程度上能较为快速的解决纠纷。

仲裁裁决可以在国际上得到承认和执行。仲裁机构依规则所作出的仲裁裁决,依照《承认及执行外国仲裁裁决公约》(“纽约公约”) (the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards ,“New York Convention”)即可获得承认和执行。因为缔约方较多,故世界范围内承认与执行仲裁裁决的领域覆盖率也相当大。


INCOTERMS: EXW (The seller makes the goods available to be collected at their premises and the buyer is responsible for all other risks, transportation costs, taxes and duties from that point onwards. This term is commonly used when quoting a price.); FCA (The seller gives the goods, cleared for export, to the buyer’s carrier at a specified place. The buyer is then responsible for getting transported to the specified place of final delivery. This term is commonly used for containers travelling by more than one mode of transport.); CPT (The seller pays to transport the goods to the specified destination. Responsibility for the goods transfers to the buyer when the seller passes them to the first carrier.); CIP (The seller pays for insurance as well as transport to the specified destination. Responsibility for the goods transfers to the buyer when the seller passes them to the first carrier.); DAT (The seller pays for transport to a specified terminal at the agreed destination. The buyer is responsible for the cost of importing the goods. The buyer takes responsibility once the goods are unloaded at the terminal.); DAP (The seller pays for transport to the specified destination, but the buyer pays the cost of importing the goods. The seller takes responsibility for the goods until they’re ready to be unloaded by the buyer.); DDP (The seller is responsible for delivering the goods to the named destination in the buyer’s country, including all costs involved.); FAS (The seller puts the goods alongside the ship at the specified port they’re going to be shipped from. The seller must get the goods ready for export, but the buyer is responsible for the cost and risk involved in loading them.); FOB (The seller must get the goods ready for export and load them onto the specified ship. The buyer and seller share the costs and risks when the goods are on board. This term is not used for goods transported in containers by more than one mode of transport (FCA is usually used for this).); CFR (The seller must pay the costs of bringing the goods to the specified port. The buyer is responsible for risks when the goods are loaded onto the ship.); CIF (The seller must pay the costs of bringing the goods to the specified port. They also pay for insurance. The buyer is responsible for risks when the goods are loaded onto the ship.).


泾锐国际贸易商事仲裁法律服务团队系一支充满朝气的队伍,他们具有专业的法律知识,熟悉国际仲裁程序,谨慎的办案态度在办理国际贸易仲裁中赢得了仲裁员和委托人的高度好评。


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